National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)

  • The National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) was launched in 2008 by the Prime Minister's Council on Climate Change to mitigate and adapt to the adverse impact of climate change.
  • It aims at creating awareness among the representatives of the public, different agencies of the government, scientists, industry and the communities on the threat posed by climate change and the steps to counter it.
  • There are 8 national missions forming the core of the NAPCC which represent multi-pronged, long term and integrated strategies for achieving key goals in climate change. These are-
  1. National Solar Mission
  2. National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency
  3. National Mission on Sustainable Habitat
  4. National Water Mission
  5. National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem
  6. National Mission for A Green India
  7. National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture
  8. National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change


Salient Features

NAPCC is guided by following principles-

  • Protection of poor and vulnerable sections of society through inclusive and sustainable development strategy, sensitive to climate change.
  • Achievements of national growth through qualitative changes enhancing ecological sustainability.
  • Deployment of appropriate technologies for both adaptation and mitigation of Green House Gases emissions extensively and at an accelerated pace.
  • regulatory and voluntary mechanisms to promote sustainable development and engineering new and innovative forms of market.
  • Effective implementation of plans using unique linkages like civil society and local governments through public-private partnership.
  • Invite international cooperation for research, development, sharing and transfer of data and technologies enabled by sufficient funding and backed up by a global IPR regime under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

United nation conference on human development 

The united nation conference on human development was held in Stockholm, Sweden, in 1972.

Also known as the declaration on the human environment.

It set out the principles for various international environmental issues, natural resource management, pollution prevention and the relationship between the environment and development.

The brudtland report (our common future)-1987

Gave the idea of sustainable development i.,e development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

The brundtland commission report recognized that human resource development in the form of poverty reduction, gender equity, and wealth redistribution was crucial in the form of poverty reduction, gender equality, and wealth redistribution was crucial to formulating strategies for environmental conservation.


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