Top 5 Institutions in India: NIRF India Rankings 2020

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The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) on Thursday released the 2020 National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) rankings for educational institutions in India.

The National Institutional Ranking Framework or NIRF is an annual ranking and was launched in 2015 and the first rankings were released in 2016. NIRF 2020 has ranked institutions across 10 categories: Overall, university, engineering, management, pharmacy, college, medical, law, architecture, and dental. 



Maintaining their last year's positions, IIT Madras and IISc Bangalore bagged the first two ranks, followed by IIT Delhi on the third position among educational institutions in the country.

The annual rankings are usually announced in April but had to be postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Below is the list of the top 5 overall educational institutions in India ranked according to MHRD's NIRF 2020:

1. Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (85.31)
2. Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, Karnataka (84.18)
3. Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, Delhi (81.33)
4. Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra (80.75)
5. Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal (75.85)

NIRF 2020: University Ranking Top 5 Ranking Institutions

  1. Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru
  2. Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
  3. Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
  4. Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore
  5. Jadavpur University, Kolkata
NIRF 2020: Engineering Ranking Top 5 Ranking Institutions
  1. Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai
  2. Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi
  3. Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai
  4. Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur
  5. Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur
NIRF 2020: Management Ranking Top 5 Ranking Institutions
  1. Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad
  2. Indian Institute of Management Bangalore
  3. Indian Institute of Management Calcutta
  4. Indian Institute of Management Lucknow
  5. Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
NIRF 2020: Pharmacy Ranking Top 5 Ranking Institutions
  1. Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi
  2. Panjab University
  3. National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research Mohali
  4. Institute of Chemical Technology
  5. National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research Hyderabad
NIRF 2020: College Ranking Top 5 Ranking Institutions
  1. Miranda House, Delhi
  2. Lady Shri Ram College For Women, New Delhi
  3. Hindu College, Delhi
  4. St. Stephen`s College, Delhi
  5. Presidency College, Chennai
NIRF 2020: Medical Ranking Top 5 Ranking Institutions
  1. All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
  2. Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
  3. Christian Medical College, Vellore
  4. National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro Sciences, Bangalore
  5. Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow
NIRF 2020: LAW Ranking Top 5 Ranking Institutions
  1. National Law School of India University, Bengaluru
  2. National Law University, New Delhi
  3. Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad
  4. Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur
  5. National Law University, Jodhpur
NIRF 2020: Architecture Ranking Top 5 Ranking Institutions
  1. Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
  2. Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
  3. National Institute of Technology Calicut
  4. Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology University, Ahmedabad
  5. School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi
NIRF 2020: Dental Ranking Top 5 Ranking Institutions (First Time in NIRF Ranking)
  1. Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, Delhi
  2. Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Udupi
  3. Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune
  4. Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai
  5. A. B. S. M. Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangaluru

Why in News

Recently, ‘India Rankings 2020’ of Institutions of Higher Education was released.
  • These rankings come days after the QS World University Rankings which showed that India’s best institutions like Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and Indian Institute of Science (IISc) have slipped in the global list.

Key Points

  • The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has taken this important initiative of creating a National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF), which has been used for the past five years for ranking institutions of higher education in different categories and domains of knowledge.
    • NIRF was launched on 29th September 2015.
  • Objective: To encourage institutes to compete against each other and simultaneously work towards their growth. In addition, these rankings also attract foreign students, providing a solid base for the ‘Study in India’ programme for the growth of higher education in India.
  • NIRF is one of the criteria for private institutions assessment for the Institutions of Eminence (IoE) Scheme.
    • IoE Scheme is a government's scheme to provide the regulatory architecture for setting up or upgrading of 20 Institutions (10 from the public sector and 10 from the private sector) as world-class teaching and research institutions.
  • NIRF outlines a methodology to rank institutions across the country. The methodology draws from the overall recommendations and broad understanding arrived at by a Core Committee set up by MHRD.
  • Broad Parameters:
    • Teaching, Learning and Resources.
    • Research and Professional Practices.
    • Graduation Outcomes.
    • Outreach and Inclusivity.
    • Peer Perception.
  • 90% of the parameters in NIRF are completely objective and fact-based, while only 10% is based on the subjective parameter of perception by academic peers and employers.
    • In international rankings, Indian institutions’ low ranking is due to the high weightage given to the perception which is a subjective parameter.
  • It is acknowledged that Indian institutions struggle on the “internationalisation” parameter in global rankings and the NIRF rankings are believed to reach a point where international institutions will want to be included in the Indian ranking system rather than vice versa.
  • Overall, 3,771 institutions registered in the ranking framework this year which is a 20% increase in comparison to 2019.
  • This is the fifth consecutive edition of these rankings. This year ‘Dental’ category has been introduced for the first time bringing the total tally to 10 categories/subject domains.

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