Meaning, objectives, and motivation of Research

 Meaning of Research

The term, itself, suggests that we are searching "something" which is there but remains unknown to us. Research stands for 'Re' means 'again' and 'search' meaning " to find". So, research means to find out something new in the topic already existed.

It is a quest taken for finding new information about the things we already know.

It is a scientific inquire and has to be systematic, for searching important information on a specific topic.

It can also be refereed to as a " Voyage of discovery". By and large, it is an academic activity but has implications for real-time situations such as policy making.

Research is a process of steps used to collect and analyze information to increase our understanding of a topic (or) issue. 

According to Cook, research is an acronym of the following

R = Rational way of thinking 

E = Expert and exhaustive treatment 

S = search and solution

E = Exactness 

A = Analysis 

R = Relationship of facts 

C = Critical observation, careful planning, constructive attitude and condensed generalization.

H = Honest and hardworking

Objectives of Research 

The main purpose of research is to discover answers to questions through scientific procedures.

  1. Gain familiarity with a new phenomenon or developing new insight into a phenomenon
  2. Reviews and synthesize the existing knowledge 
  3. Investigate some existing situation or problem
  4. Offer solutions to a problem 
  5. Explore and analyze more general issues 
  6. construct or create a new procedure or system
  7. Generate new knowledge 
  8. Research should be highly focused and feasible 
  9. Research makes accurate use of concepts 
  10. Research is dome to find out the hidden truth 

The purpose of research is to discover answers to questions through the application of scientific  procedures.  

The main aim of research is to find out the truth which is hidden and which has not been discovered as yet. Though each research study has its own specific purpose, we may think of research  objectives as falling into a number of following broad groupings:

  1. To gain familiarity with a phenomenon or to achieve new insights into it (studies with this object in view are termed as exploratory or formulative research studies);
  2.  To portray accurately the characteristics of a particular individual, situation or a group (studies with this object in view are known as descriptive research studies);
  3. To determine the frequency with which something occurs or with which it is associated with something else (studies with this object in view are known as diagnostic research studies);
  4. To test a hypothesis of a causal relationship between variables (such studies are known as hypothesis-testing research studies).

Motivation of Research

What makes people to undertake research? This is a question of fundamental importance. The possible motives for doing research may be either one or more of the following:
  1. Desire to get a research degree along with its consequential benefits;
  2. Desire to face the challenge in solving the unsolved problems, i.e., concern over practical problems initiates research;
  3. Desire to get intellectual joy of doing some creative work;
  4. Desire to be of service to society;
  5. Desire to get respectability

However, this is not an exhaustive list of factors motivating people to undertake research studies. Many more factors such as directives of government, employment conditions, curiosity about new things, desire to understand causal relationships, social thinking and awakening, and the like may as well motivate (or at times compel) people to perform research operations.


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