Factors affecting teaching related to: Teacher, Learner, Support Material, Instructional Facilities, Learning environment and Institution

 Factors affecting teaching: There are number of factors that can affect teaching. These factors are as follows.

1. Teachers Attitude

  • Teaching is an art and quality of teaching depends on the dedication, love and devotion of the teacher towards the subject.
  • teacher's lack of confidence due to poor conceptual clarity may severely affect teaching.
  • To make teaching effective and productive following attitudes can be developed.

a) Physical

b) Mental

c) Emotional aspects that should be given adequate weightage in developing teachers attitude.

  • Teacher should be trained enough to be successful in carrying students varying needs and abilities in inclusive setting.
  • Teacher should be flexible with the lesson plan.

 A teacher should have the following qualities

  1. Personal qualities like warmth, affectionate, sympathetic, democratic, optimistic, dynamic, ext.
  2. Professional competencies like command on the subject matter, effective communication, proper use of teaching instructions facilities, class-room management, evaluating students learning also.

From the training point of view, we classify teaching skills into three broad categories:

  1. Core teaching skills ( common for all subjects)
  2. Specific teaching skills ( for specific subject areas like language, social science, science, Maths, etc)
  3. Target group specific sills ( for exceptional children)

2. Learners Attitude 

In effective learning, mostly we notice if these factors

  • more intensity of learning
  • more retention
  • Joyful learning
  • more scope of cognitive development.
  • self-directed learning
  • self-motivated learning.

Keeping the above in consideration, the following factors become automatically important.

  • Background knowledge of the learner.
  • Nature of learning material.
  • Motivation
  • Learning support.

Learner attitude affect teaching affect teaching-learning process in a number of ways.

  • Disturbing / Negative attitude of pupils interrupts the learning process. For creating a lively teaching environment, learner's participative attitude is must.
  • Qualities and traits of learners such as their level of intelligence, attitude, motivation, learning style, aptitude, readiness to take risk, etc. can impact the way they learn.

3. Supporting Material

  •  Support material is very essential which affect teaching-learning process.
  • It is an important resource in teaching, support materials include textbooks, magazines, journals, periodicals, practice questions, teacher solution manual etc.
  • The support materials aim to support teachers and students in achieving the learning outcomes of any subject.

4. Instructional Facilities

  •  Instructional facilities that assist an instructor in the teaching-learning process.
  • They supplement teaching methods and are themselves not as self-supporting as teaching methods.
  • Instructional facilities play a great role in effective teaching learning process.
  • The teaching instructional facilities include T.V., Radio, tape recorders, projectors, film strips, internet and so on.

5. Teaching-Learning Environment 

  • To create a good teaching learning environment, both psychological and instructional perspective should be taken into account.
  • In effective teaching and learning environment both the teacher and students play an important role.
  • A learning environment is diverse platform where users engage and interact to learn how new skills. While learners can learn in an array of settings, the term refers to the more preferred and accurate alternative to the traditional classroom.

6.Institutional and administrative set-up

  • Administrative set-up with variety and freedom of choice to the teacher generates a healthy teaching environment. Teachers are free to prepare their lesson plan and use variety of teaching aids.
  • In teaching process administrative discipline of institution should be followed while the administrative pressure should be avoided.
  •  Administrative set-up of institutions should be designed in such a manner so that balance of relationship between the teacher-student, teacher-parent, among teachers, school staff should be ensured.

7. Teachers' Training 

  • Teacher training is a continuous process that enhances teacher's teaching skills, mater new knowledge, develop proficiency which will help to improve students learning.
  • Training will help the teacher to understands various domains of learning and plan lessons and teaching accordingly.
  • From the training point of view, we classify teaching skills into three broad categories. They are 

1. Core Teaching skills - common for all subjects.

2. Specific teaching skills - for specific subject areas like language, social science, science, mathematics etc.

3. Target group specific skills - for exceptional children.


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