Massive Open Online Course-MOOC in Teaching Aptitude

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  1. MOOC stands for  Massive Open Online Course.
  2. MOOC have developed for the open education resource (OER)
  3. OER is defined as educational resources offered online for free to educators, students and self learners to enhance teaching and learning.
  4. It is a web-based platform which provides ultimate number of students world wide with a chance of distance education with best institutions in the world.
  5. It was setup in 2008 by Canadian academician named by "David cornier". and more active in 2012 as a popular learning tool.
  6. First MOOC was taught by George Siemens and Stephen Downes in university of maintoba, Canada where a class of 25 regular students was extended online to teach 1500 students.

Types of MOOC:-


 

i) Connectivist MOOC ( CMOOC): IIT Kanpur

  1. It is based on the connectivist theory of education where connectivistm, openness, and  participatory teaching are the principles.
  2. Participants share their views, resources etc. on a topic and send it to the instructor.
  3. In C-MOOC the learner's autonomy, peer-to-peer learning  and social networking are emphasized.

ii) Cognitive-Behavioral MOOC ( X MOOC): IIT Bombay

  1. The X MOOC (Extended MOOC) method revolves around the traditional college teaching model with video recorded lectures along with quizzes and other evaluation assignments and verifiable certificates or statement of accomplishment delivered online through some MOOC providing website.
  2. X MOOC is more of a behaviorist approach.
  3. The X MOOC uses  the open source LMS ( learning management system) for course management.

iii) Quasi-MOOC:

  1. A quasi-MOOC is a third variation that provides web-based materials OER.
  2. This MOOC type intended to support specific learning tasks and provides little or no social interaction or grading, and a representative example is Khan Academy.

Mode of Teaching MOOC:

Following four quadrant approach implies in E-learning system.

  1. E-tutorial might through video and audio interaction, virtual and animation.
  2. E-content may include PDF, e-books, simulation etc. whenever required.
  3. Web resources that might obtain through the e-mails, databases, related links, case students and historical articles.
  4. Self-Assessment might through assignments, Quiz's and discussion.
  5. In India, IIT Bombay is working on providing a MOOC platform call SWAYAM.

 Online Course by MOOC

  1. Coursers (www.coursera.org)
  2. Edx (www,edx.org)
  3. Udacity (www.udacity.com)
  4. Khan Academy (www.udemy.com)
  5. P2PU ( Peer to Peer University) www.p2pu.org/en/

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