National Education Day 2022: Date, Significance, and Theme

The National Education Day will be celebrated in India tomorrow, November 11 to commemorate the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the first Education Minister of India. This day is celebrated to acknowledge and honour Maulana Azad's contribution to the country's education system. The theme for National Education Day 2022 is “Changing Course, Transforming Education.”

Maulana Azad was a great freedom fighter and educationist who was committed to reforming and reshaping India's education system. He played an important role in improving the Indian education structure. He also strongly advocated for women's education. The credit for implementing the modern education system also goes to him.

History of National Education Day

Celebrating National Education Day is a tribute to Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. As a pioneering thinker and intellectual, his role in the struggle for freedom is inspiring. He was passionate about the education sector and worked to promote social fraternity. Find more information about Azad and his contributions in the education sector that led him to be celebrated on National Education Day below.

Who was Maulana Abul Kalam Azad?

  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad served as India’s 1st Minister of Education from 15 August 1947 – 2 February 1958.
  • During his tenure, he established some of the best educational institutions in the nation.
  • He served in the Indian independence movement as well.
  • Azad was one of the most influential leaders of the time and believed deeply in socialism and secularism.
  • To remember his legacy, the Ministry of Minority Affairs established Maulana Azad Education Foundation in 1989.
  • He was awarded the posthumous honor of the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor, in 1992.

Contribution of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad to the Education Sector

  • The UGC, AICTE, the Kharagpur Institute for Higher Education, the University Board of Education, and the Secondary School Board were established during Azad's tenure.
  • He also helped establish educational institutions such as Jamia Millia Islamia and IIT Kharagpur.
  • Many leaders remember and commemorate Azad's contribution to his efforts in creating a foundation for India's strong education system.
  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad established the Sahitya Academy, Lalit Kala Academy, Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR), Sangeet Natak Academy, and the Scientific and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).

Significance of National Education Day

National Education Day is celebrated to enhance and improvise the quality of education for students in the country. The day also commemorates Azad's contribution to laying the foundation for an independent Indian education system.

Azad was also a strong advocate of universal primary education, girls' education, free compulsory education for all children under the age of 14, vocational training, and technical education.

How is National Education Day Celebrated?

In September 2008, the central government declared 11th November as National Education Day. The first celebration of National Education Day was held in Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi, by then-President Pratibha Patil. Here is how this day is celebrated in the country:

  • National Education Day is celebrated annually by hosting several informative and enjoyable seminars, essay symposiums, and rallies at various schools.
  • On this day, students and teachers come together to share the importance of literacy and the country's commitment to all aspects of education.
  • National Education Day pays homage to all the fundamental contributions made by Abul Kalam Azad to India's education system


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